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"No coward soul is mine" - Emily Brontë’s 200th birthday (1818-1848)

 

Born in 30 July 1818, Emily Brontë was one of the best known English novelist and poet of the 19th century. Along with her elder sister Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre and her younger sister Anne Brontë’s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, her only novel Wuthering Heights is considered a classic of English Literature. The three Brontë sisters published a joint collection of their poetry in 1846 under the pen-names Currer (Charlotte), Ellis (Emily) and Acton (Anne) Bell. In 1847, Wuthering Heights was first published under Ellis Bell, in a three-volume set with Anne’s Agnes Grey. Emily died in 19 December 1848 at the age of 30, following her youngest brother Branwell’s death in September of the same year. In 1850, Wuthering Heights was republished under Emily's real name, and was edited by Charlotte.

Wuthering Heights is a world of love and revenge without law or justice on the Yorkshire moors. The protagonist Heathcliff, a troubled orphan, is deeply in love with his benefactor’s daughter Catherine Earnshaw. Through Catherine’s betrayal, Heathcliff plots his revenge against the families. Emily’s depiction of mental and physical cruelty has polarized reviews, when some dismissed the novel as immoral and abhorrent, while others praised its originality. With the novel’s incorporation of realism, romance and the Gothic, Wuthering Heights becomes a mystifying yet popular English literary classic.

艾蜜莉.勃朗特,生於1818年7月30,是19世紀重要的英國小說家和詩人。艾蜜莉的唯一作品《咆哮山莊》,與姊姊夏綠蒂的《簡.愛》和妹妹安妮的《荒野莊園的房客》,同被視為世界文學經典。1846年,勃朗特三姊妹姐妹以柯勒(Currer)、埃利斯(Ellis)和阿克頓•貝爾(Acton Bell)為筆名,出版了詩歌集。《咆哮山莊》初次出版時也是以艾蜜莉的筆名發表,更與安妮的《艾格妮絲.格雷》於1847年一同問世。1848年,艾蜜莉緊接著弟弟於9月的離世,於12月19日與世長辭,享年30歲。

《咆哮山莊》描寫了一個沒有法律和正義的愛情與復仇世界。主角孤兒希思克利夫(Heathcliff)小時候被山莊主人所收養,與莊主女兒凱薩琳(Catherine)日久生情。隨後因凱薩琳為了名利選他人作夫婿,引起希思克利夫的復仇計劃。艾蜜莉在小說內對精神和肉體有相當殘酷的描寫,使這部作品有著兩極化的評價。有些評論家認為其敗壞道德、令人憎惡,有的則稱讚它的獨特性。《咆哮山莊》融合了現實主義、浪漫主義與哥特風格,使它成為神秘且受歡迎的文學經典。




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